Vibration of a stiffened pipe filled with a bubbly liquid: analysis of resonance frequencies in function of bubble fraction
Time: 11:00 am
Author: Sanae Serbout
Abstract ID: 1730
The characterization of the presence of bubbles in industrial fluid circuits may be extremely important for many safety issuses. It is well known that the acoustic properties of liquids can be drastically modified by a small amount of gaz content in the liquid. At sufficiently low frequencies, the speed of sound depends primarily on the gas volume fraction. The variation of the gas fraction may then induce some variations in the vibroacoustic behavior of the pipe transporting the liquid. Analysis of the pipe vibrations can then help in the monitoring of the bubble presence. In such a context, the aim of this study is to show how the the presence of bubbles in the liquid could affect the resonance frequencies of the pipe. A numerical vibroacoustical model has been developed to predict the vibroacoustical behavior of a stiffened cylindrical shell filled with a bubbly liquid exhibiting low frequency resonances. The model, experimentally verified with a well-characterized bubbly liquid, is then used to analyse the frequency shifts of the shell resonances in function of the bubble. Keywords : pipe, heavy fluid, numerical modelling, circumferential admittance approach, cylindrical shell, resonance frequency, void fraction
Experimental sound power from curved plates using the radiation resistance matrix and a scanning vibrometer
Time: 11:40 am
Author: Trent Bates
Abstract ID: 2221
Vibration-based sound power (VBSP) methods based on elemental radiators and measurements from a scanning vibrometer have been shown to be accurate for flat plates and cylinders. In this paper, the VBSP method is extended to account for simple curved structures, with a constant radius of curvature. Data are also presented that suggest the VBSP method is more accurate than the ISO 3741 standard for measuring sound power when significant background noise is present. Experimental results from ISO 3741 and the VBSP methods are compared for three simple curved plate structures with different radii of curvature. The results show good agreement for all three structures over a wide frequency range. The experimental results also indicate that the VBSP method is more accurate in the low frequency range where the curved plates radiated relatively little and significant background noise was present.
Effect of junction type on the vibroacoustic response of a system of plates
Time: 6:00:00 AM
Author: Marcell Treszkai
Abstract ID: 2565
Modelling of junctions is one of the most challenging tasks in vibroacoustics, especially for Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA), where the results heavily depend on the damping (DLF) and coupling loss factors (CLF). Also, it is an interesting question to determine that to what extent does the DLF or CLF contribute to the overall vibroacoustic characteristics of a structure? The aim of this paper is to investigate via measurements and SEA simulations the effect of the ratio of DLF and CLF on the response of a system for various junctions, such as riveting, bolting, line and point welding, between two steel plates. Loss matrices are determined experimentally by the Power Injection Method in the 200-1600 Hz frequency range. The simulation was performed in the ESI VA One software by using its analytical CLF formulations and compared to experimental data. For the reference case, a bended plate structure was considered, representing an ideal junction between two subsystems. This was equipped with damping foils to ensure the same weight and then compared to the results from other joints. Results showed that increasing the CLF could be more effective than focusing on increasing the DLF.
Influence of the plate thickness and material properties on the violin top plate modes
Time: 12:00 pm
Author: Evaggelos Kaselouris
Abstract ID: 2387
In this paper we analyze the vibrational behavior of the violin top plate, for varying plate thickness and material properties via finite element method (FEM) numerical simulations. It is well known that the vibrational properties of the top plates of string instruments influence their sound emission characteristics. Due to the impact of global warming on wood formation and due to their configurability, many manufacturers investigate the use of composite materials to produce musical instruments. Therefore, composite, carbon fiber reinforced epoxy (CFRE) prepreg along with traditional wooden material, such as spruce, are adopted in this study. FEM modal analysis along with a frequency response function (FRF) FEM analysis are performed. The vibrational variations of the plates response are computed under free conditions. The main vibrational modes and the natural frequencies obtained by the simulations show the influence of the different mechanical and geometric properties on the top plates vibrational response. The resulting eigenmode frequencies and shapes of the plate in relation to the varying thickness and the material properties used, are discussed. The results of this study offer valuable information on the evaluation of the acoustical characteristics of violins and may be further used on their vibrational behavior optimization and control.
Acoustic analysis of impact sound on vibrating circular membranes
Time: 11:20 am
Author: Evaggelos Kaselouris
Abstract ID: 2389
A finite element method (FEM) - boundary element method (BEM) model is developed to compute the sound generated by of a force acting on a circular membrane (drumhead). A vibro-acoustic analysis that combines modal FEM analysis, a FEM steady state dynamic analysis (SSD), considering harmonic loading and boundary element acoustics, is performed. The drumhead vibrates due to the force impact and the sound is emitted in the air. The vibration of structural response is initially computed, and the obtained results are set to be the boundary conditions of the acoustic analysis in the vibro-acoustic simulation. The radiated sound can be computed at any point of the solution domain. Various materials used by drumhead manufacturers are tested and a parametric analysis focusing on the mesh density of the models is presented. The impact sound and the acoustical characteristics of the simulated test cases are evaluated. The Rayleigh method is also applied to the acoustic simulations and is further compared to the BEM simulation results. The outcomes of this study may be further used as reverse engineering inputs, to machine learning models for the estimation of the physical and mechanical parameters of drumheads from audio signals.