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13.05 Sound Insulation Measurement

Impact sound pressure values – Field measurements for different configurations of concrete slabs on the ground
Time: 11:20 am

Author: Bernt Mikal Larsen

Abstract ID: 1113

The presentation will summarize and discuss values of field measured normalized impact sound pressure level L'n,w measured sideways with different configurations of concrete slabs on ground within buildings. All results are adjusted to receiving room volume of 100 m3 and with thickness of concrete slab 80-100 mm. Measurement on continuous concrete slab on expanded polystyrene gives L'n,w between adjoining rooms of 74 dB. Different principles of splitting have been investigated to evaluate the effect on L'n,w. The configuration where only the concrete slab is split (and with a plastic film between the concrete base and the upper layer of expanded polystyrene), gives L'n,w of approximately 66 dB which is 8 dB lower than for a continuous bare concrete slab. When both the concrete slab and the upper layer of expanded polystyrene are split, measurements show L'n,w of 58-61 dB for the case of no flooring, which is 13-16 dB lower than for a continuous concrete slab (no split). When both concrete slab and all layers of polystyrene are split down to continuous foundation measurements show L'n,w of 55 dB. The situation with concrete slab and all layers of polystyrene split and with no foundation beneath gives L'n,w of 46 dB. Consequences for airborne sound and R'w will be discussed as well for the above mentioned configurations.

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Pipe Insulation ISO 15665 Performance Modeling
Time: 7:40 pm

Author: Kevin Herreman

Abstract ID: 1868

Reducing industrial noise emission utilizing jacketed pipe insulation is critical to reducing noise in industrial spaces.  The ISO 15665 standard defines a testing process for measurement of the acoustical performance of installed and jacketed pipe insulation systems.  However, the cost of testing per this standard, especially when using an external laboratory, can be very costly.  That makes the development of a model to accurately estimate the performance of single, and multilayered, jacketed pipe insulation highly desirable.  Utilizing a one-dimensional theoretical acoustic model along with empirical data, a model with sufficient accuracy to provide insertion loss results relative to the ISO 15665 standard was created. The creation and resulting functionality of the model for determining jacketed pipe insulation insertion loss and comparison of the resulting data to test results will be discussed herein.

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Acoustic study in a main avenue and its effects in classrooms and offices of a university in Mexico City
Time: 5:20 pm

Author: Antonio Bautista Kuri

Abstract ID: 1987

This study presents the results of a detailed acoustic investigation, systematized and with adequate equipment to the current regulations, carried out in an avenue of intense vehicular traffic located in front of a recently built architectural complex, based on concrete, aluminum, glass, and other materials, called the Postgraduate Unit, belonging to the National Autonomous University of Mexico. These measurements show that, in the initial design of the buildings, the most current knowledge about exterior-interior sound insulation through their facades was not considered. The data collected and the interviews conducted reveal that the Sound Pressure Levels rise, altering the Interior Acoustic Comfort, necessary for the performance of daily academic, administrative and research activities, resulting in permanent inconveniences for users, in addition to the saturation of areas, lack of adequate spaces and excessive unscheduled expenses. Paradoxically, empty spaces are observed in areas with high Sound Pressure Levels, which means that there is a certain level of architectural failure.

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A review of uncertainty in sound isolation testing
Time: 2:40 pm

Author: Jameson Dickman

Abstract ID: 2322

Construction industry design standards are increasingly calling for new construction to be inspected and tested for compliance with design specifications after the project is built; otherwise known as the commissioning process. As part of this trend, owners, sensitive to the acoustics of their facilities, are seeking confirmation via measurements that their buildings meet sound isolation and background noise requirements, particularly when pursuing certifications under the US Green Building Council LEED standard, the WELL Building Standard, or other green building or wellness standards. In general, the error of sound isolation measurements is not officially established. This poses challenges to designers tasked with specifying assemblies and components to meet field verification requirements. This paper will briefly review current research and standards on the error of measurements such as Noise Isolation Class (NIC) and the Weighted Level Difference (D) and discuss example design standards and guidelines which do or do not account for this error. It will also propose further research topics to better define the error in sound isolation measurements and best practices when establishing or designing to sound isolation criteria in new or renovated buildings.

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A case study in the measurement of door sound isolation with ASTM test standards
Time: 6:20 pm

Author: Devin Clausen

Abstract ID: 2425

The use of the door transmission class rating in lieu of the apparent sound transmission class rating has yet to gain traction within building codes and specified project requirements. This paper presents a case study involving performance requirement testing conducted at a university’s media facility, in which sound insulation properties were a critical design and construction focus. Both test methods described in ASTM E2964 and ASTM E336 were performed where a door was the test partition. Door transmission class ratings were presented in comparison to apparent sound transmission class ratings for the same partition. Testing was performed in a variety of situations, including scenarios both inside and outside of the minimum requirements of testing standards. Our analysis considers the effectiveness of the recently adopted ASTM E2964 in comparison to the methods of the ASTM E336. We also consider some of the subtle differences between the two test methods and how they may impact the testing of certain adjacencies.

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Gauge repeatability and reproducibility study of airborne sound isolation measurements
Time: 3:00 pm

Author: Wayland Dong

Abstract ID: 2553

A gauge repeatability and reproducibility study (GRR) uses analysis of variations (ANOVA) on an appropriately designed experiment to separate and quantify the components of the overall uncertainty. The authors have previously presented results of GRR studies of the measurement of airborne and impact insulation of floor-ceiling and demising wall assemblies in several apartment buildings, in which the uncertainty in the measurement method and the variability of the nominally-identical assemblies were compared. The results of two additional GRR studies on measurements of airborne noise isolation of wood stud demising walls are presented. The first study, like previous studies, evaluates the components of variance attributable to operator, repeatability, and part. The second study uses a fixed operator and part, and evaluates the variance due to loudspeaker type, position, and level on the measured noise reduction. The measurement standard (ASTM E336) gives limited guidance on the type and location of the loudspeaker used on the source side, and this study can inform whether changes in the standard with regards to the loudspeakers could reduce the uncertainty in measurement.

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Interlaboratory and proficiency tests for buildings sound insulation field measurements in Brazil – 4th Edition 2020
Time: 3:20 pm

Author: Priscila da Silva Wunderlich

Abstract ID: 2824

Since 2013 ABNT NBR 15575:2013 entered into force in Brazil, a national technical standard that establishes acoustic requirements for dwellings, that can be verified by means of field measurements procedures performed according to specific ISO standards. Therefore, those requirements have fostered the acoustic field measurement market, and the number of laboratories has quickly increased across the county. ProAcústica - Brazilian Association for Acoustical Quality, a non-profit entity, aiming to improve the quality of the acoustics business in Brazil has organized in 2020 the fourth edition of the "Interlaboratory program of field measurements for building acoustics laboratories – INTERLAB Program". This consists of a fundamental tool for acoustic field laboratories to evaluate and verify the quality of their measurement results. This paper presents the methodologies and procedures used in the interlaboratory program, as well as the results of both the interlaboratory test and the proficiency carried out in São Paulo (Brazil) during 2017 by ProAcústica - Brazilian Association for Acoustical Quality. In this edition a total number of 25 laboratories have participated (32% more participants than the last edition in 2017) for different type of field tests: airborne sound insulation, airborne facade sound insulation, impact sound level, sound pressure level from service equipment in buildings, and reverberation time). The main objectives are the evaluation of the precision of the field test methods in the Brazilian market, and the analysis of the performance of the participating laboratories as a quality control tool.

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Study of various wood stud partitions with various gypsum board and proprietary acoustical sound insulation products
Time: 3:40 pm

Author: Kristin Salenger

Abstract ID: 3307

Wood stud construction is common in residential and hospitality buildings in some parts of the U.S.; however, there is a deficiency of field-tested sound insulation performance of partitions constructed with wood studs that are spaced closer than 16” on center. This study presents the sound isolation measurement results of a set of fifteen partitions within an existing facility that has been experiencing repeated complaints of poor acoustic privacy between horizontally adjacent spaces.  The tested partition types varied between single stud, double stud, and single studs with resilient channel constructions.  The walls had four materials of varying combinations applied, including 19/32” OSB, Type X gypsum board, proprietary enhanced gypsum board, and proprietary mass loaded vinyl.  It was shown that the partition with enhanced gypsum board performed better than the same partition with Type X, the double stud partition performed lower than expected, and the addition of mass loaded vinyl to both double and single stud partitions did not affect the ASTC rating, among other findings.

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