Return to Schedule HERE

02.01 Acoustic Black Holes

Sound absorption based on Micro-perforated panels and Acoustic Black Hole principle
Time: 8:20 am

Author: Xiaoqi ZHANG

Abstract ID: 1560

Acoustic black holes (ABHs) have been so far investigated mainly for bending wave ma-nipulation in mechanical structures such as beams or plates. The investigations on ABHs for sound wave manipulation, referred to as Sonic black holes (SBHs) are scarce. Existing SBH structure for sound reduction in air is typically formed by putting a set of rings inside a duct wall with decreasing inner radius according to a power law. As such, the structure is very complex and difficult to be practically realized, which hampers the practical application of SBHs for sound reduction. This study explores the possibilities of achieving SBH effects using other types of structural configurations. In particular, micro-perforated panels are proposed to be introduced into the conventional SBH structure, and the simulation results show that the new formed SBH structure is simpler in configuration in terms of number of rings and more efficient in terms of sound energy trapping and dissipation.

You must be logged in to download paper. Click here to login

Optimization of Damping Configurations in a Plate Embedded with Acoustic Black Holes
Time: 7:40 am

Author: Haoming Liang

Abstract ID: 1656

Owing to its broadband and lightweight features, the Acoustic Black Hole (ABH) effect has attracted increasing interests in the structural dynamics and vibration-acoustic communities in recent years. And damping material is essential to achieve effective ABH phenomena. To explore effective vibration and noise control in thin-walled structures such as vehicle body panel using ABH effect, aiming at the plate embedded with two-dimensional ABH array, this paper investigates the coupling between ABH structure and damping material. First, the energy dissipation mechanism of viscoelastic damping material is analyzed to obtain the deformation characteristic that leads to effective energy dissipation. Next, the bending deflection of a plate with a single ABH under harmonic excitation is investigated, and the damping material configuration is optimized to obtain an optimal vibration suppression. Finally, the above-mentioned configuration is applied to a plate embedded with the ABH array and compared with the conventional damping arranging method. And the advantages of this damping material configuration scheme in vibration and noise control are investigated and summarized. This paper provides a reference for the damping material configuration and optimization of the thin plates embedded with ABHs.

You must be logged in to download paper. Click here to login

Wavenumber domain analysis of full-band energy harvesting and damping dissipation characteristics of plate embedded with ABH Array
Time: 7:20 am

Author: Yue Bao

Abstract ID: 1664

The Acoustic Black Hole (ABH) structure has been developed as a promising approach for passive vibration attenuation and noise control. The basic theory of ABH effect hinges on the geometry thickness gradual decreasing according to the power law. This feature of structure reduces flexural wave speed, resulting in “trapping” flexural wave into ABH indentation to achieve energy focalizing. In this work, the FE model of a plate embedded with ABH indentation and damp structure is established and excited by a series of harmonic forces respectively. The characteristics of energy distribution in this plate in full frequency band are investigated by the power flow method and wavenumber domain analysis. By transforming the spatial vibratory energy into wavenumber domain, the ABH effect is analyzed and compared with a uniform panel. Meanwhile, the dissipation effect of vibration and sound radiation energy has been studied with addition of damping material. Furthermore, the energy harvesting and dissipation performances of a plate embedded with heterogeneous ABH array are investigated in order to demonstrate the influence of ABH structure parameters and configuration. The research will be beneficial for the vibration energy control in full frequency band.

You must be logged in to download paper. Click here to login

A semi-analytical method for the vibration of cylindrical shells with embedded acoustic black holes
Time: 8:40 am

Author: Jie Deng

Abstract ID: 1801

Embedding acoustic black holes (ABHs) on beams and plates has revealed as an appealing passive method for noise and vibration reduction. However, most ABH designs to date only concern straight beams and flat plates, while cylindrical structures are commonly found in the aeronautical and naval sectors. In this work, we suggest a semi-analytical method to compute the vibration field of a cylinder with an ABH indentation. We also show the ABH efficiency in terms of shell vibration reduction. It is proposed to resort to Gaussian basis functions in the framework of the Rayleigh-Ritz method, to reproduce the ABH cylinder vibration field. The ABH shell displacements in the three directions are decomposed in terms of Gaussian functions, which can be dilated and translated analogously to what is done with wavelet transforms. The functions are also forced to satisfy the continuity periodic conditions in the shell circumferential direction. The Gaussian expansion method (GEM) results in high precision at a low computational cost. The suggested semi-analytical method is validated against a detailed finite element (FEM) model. Modal frequencies and modal shapes are recovered very accurately. Besides, the mean square velocity of the annular ABH shell under point external excitation is compared to that of a uniform shell, in the 50-1000 Hz frequency range. Noticeable vibration reduction is achieved.

You must be logged in to download paper. Click here to login