The influence of the community soundscape on neighborhood social cohesion: Taking Dong’an community in Harbin of China as an example



With the improvement of the living standards of Chinese urban residents, the residential acoustic environment of the community as a place of life for people urgently needs to be improved.  Taking the Dong’an family area in Harbin as an example, through on-site questionnaire surveys and mathematical-statistical analysis, the related relationships and influencing factors of the overall perception of the acoustic environment, the social cohesion of the neighborhood, and the benefits of physical and mental health are studied.  The results show that the perception of the soundscape in historical and cultural blocks is closely related to factors such as sound source, sound pressure level, building layout, and social factors of residents; the perception of the soundscape in the green space of the block has a significant positive impact on neighborhood relationships, and neighborhood relationships are healthier.  Benefits have a significant positive impact; soundscape perception and health benefits have a significant correlation, and indirectly have a beneficial impact on mental health by promoting neighbor relationships.