The effect of aspect ratio on the inerstion loss of lined ducts

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Abstract

The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Handbook provides tabulated information that can be used to determine the insertion loss of a variety of lined and unlined ducts.  However, the tabulated cross-sections are primarily for square ducts.  Not surprisingly, there is a need for information on the insertion loss of ducts having different aspect ratio cross-sections.  Hence, the insertion loss for large aspect ratio cross-sections are investigated using a previously validated finite element simulation approach.  A coupled structural-acoustic finite element analysis is performed, and data is compared to measurement results from the literature for a few configurations.  An analysis campaign is then performed which better explains the effect of aspect ratio on duct insertion loss.