Measurement and Analysis of Torque Ripple in Inverter Driven Electric Machines



Torque ripple in electric machines can create both noise and vibration. While torque ripple is often well understood theoretically, it is much more difficult to accurately predict and measure. Often torque ripple is measured as a function of magnets and slot interaction at extremely low speed, but this can only be extrapolated to understand its implications for noise and vibration and is not useful for understanding torque response during dynamic scenarios like a change in load. The slow speed method of measurement also neglects possible switching effects on the torque profile. This paper will explore challenges in measuring the different sources of torque ripple and give an alternative method to measure torque ripple at higher speeds and also dynamically. This will include best practices and examples.