Indirect determination of airflow resistance of textiles with reference samples



Airflow resistance is a non-acoustic parameter of great relevance in the acoustic characterization of porous materials. It is used in several sound absorbing material prediction models and it is also a control parameter for acoustic conditioning and insulation in different building solutions. The ISO 9053 standard defines several methods to obtain it, using both direct measurements and indirect techniques. However, both procedures may involve problems related to the placement of the textile samples in the tube or to the stability of the samples during testing. In this work, the use of reference materials to stabilize the measurement of thin materials is proposed. Airflow resistance results obtained for different materials in an impedance tube are presented. The tests have been carried out by following the Ingard & Dear method, as an indirect technique accepted by the standard. Several material compositions with a wide range of airflow resistance values have been analyzed with different reference materials.