Current ICAO Doc 9911 provides the algorithm to calculate aircraft noise levels for any kind of airport flight scenario. The essential difference exists between the measured and calculated sound levels, especially for single flight noise events. Doc 9911 recommends using this method for equivalent sound levels L and noise indices L first of all. A number of national noise regulations still require for single noise event assessment.
An article analyzes a number of reasons to explain the inaccuracy of noise event calculations. For example, the differences between calculated balanced flight parameters (thrust and velocity first of all) and supervised in real flights may influence the accuracy first of all. Statistical data was gathered to make more general view on these differences and some proposal to use them in calculations has being proved.
Also, the assumptions of the ICAO Doc 9911 method may contribute to the inaccuracy of calculations. Among them are the homogeneous atmosphere for sound propagation, generalized for overall fleet noise directivity pattern, etc. Ground effect model defines the values for aircraft absent in operation currently. The first assumption provides a conflict with flight path calculations for varied atmosphere parameters with height over the surface.