Energy fluctuations in recorder pipes during transient sound attacks and steady state sound



The evaluation of temporal and spatial fluctuations of energy using compressible fluid analysis is proposed as an effective method to clarify the fundamental mechanism of the self-sustained oscilla-tions in a actual recorder. The main factors of the self-sustained oscillations are investigated in more detail by evaluating not only the steady state of the sound where the flow field and the sound field are completely coupled, but also the characteristics at the attack transient of the sound before the coupling is established. By analyzing the large energy fluctuations that occur just below the edge of the labium in the attack transient, it was shown that this phenomenon may be one of the main causes of the self-sustained oscillations. And the characteristics of the energy fluctuations and sound power generation during the steady state of the sound are discussed. It was also focused on the energy variations in another region that is near the exit of the windway.