Empirical prediction of flight effect on subsonic coaxial-jet noise by introducing an adjusted flight velocity term



The effect of forward flight on jet noise is difficult to quantify through flyover tests since only the total noise is measured in a full-scale flyover test, and the contribution of the jet noise is difficult and sometimes nearly impossible to identify. Thus, most studies on the flight effect have been carried out through model-scale experiments with a single-stream jet simulator in a free jet facility. In this paper, the effect of forward flight was captured by using an adjusted flight velocity term (?V) to describe jet velocity in a new prediction of coaxial-jet noise. The new jet noise prediction method assumes that there are three components: primary, secondary, and mixed components with no filter functions. The coefficient ? is determined by a thorough investigation of the model-scale data gained from an experiment in the anechoic wind tunnel of ONERA. The value of ? is 1 for the primary component, 0.5 for the secondary component, and a linear function of the angle for the mixed component. The simple adjustment of the flight velocity successfully embodied the effect of forward flight at all angles, with no separate velocity exponent or an additional term.