Assessment of digital image correlation vibrometry in the presence of thermal flow disturbance



Digital Image Correlation (DIC) is an image-based method for measuring displacement and/or stain on the surface of a structure.  When coupled with a stereo pair of highspeed cameras, DIC can also capture three-dimensional dynamic deformation of a structure under vibratory loading.  However, high frequency and small amplitude displacement typically associated with structural vibrations mean that extra care is required during measurement and data processing. It becomes more challenging when thermal disturbances are present in the optical path, for example from a heated air flow, which introduces extraneous noise due to disturbances in the refractive index.  In the present study, a simple composite plate was vibrated under a shaker excitation and stereo DIC measurements were performed. The obtained vibratory displacement results were compared against accelerometers and a laser Doppler vibrometer.  Heated air flow was introduced in front of the plate to observe the effects of thermal disturbances on the DIC measurements.  Although the contributions from the thermal disturbances were clearly visible in the DIC displacement data, it was shown that the vibratory deflections of the structure could still be extracted by post processing of the DIC data.