Assessing a parallel baffle splitter, an experimental and numerical study on insertion loss and pressure drop



HVAC systems are composed of different noise sources and paths. The non-attenuated propagation of noise through the system has detrimental effects on acoustic comfort of people inside the premises. To mitigate the propagated noise, parallel baffle splitters are used which reduce the transmitted noise through acoustic coatings. Different methods have been developed to predict the insertion loss of those elements, however, if the input data is not well known these models can lead to deviated results. On the other hand, the use of splitter in HVAC systems produces pressure drop which can damage the equipment used if that is not well predicted. Different models are available in the literature, which relates dimensional features and design velocity to estimate the pressure drop coefficient. However, models can give overestimated results. In this work an experimental rig was implemented to assess a splitter installed inside of a test duct. Measurements were performed to estimate insertion loss and pressure drop coefficient, following the guidelines exposed on the ISO 7235 standard. The results were compared with analytic methods. Finally, a numerical method analysis of the test rig was performed, showing the correlation between these results and the experimental data.