An experimental investigation of turbulent flow over two-dimensional obstacles on a flat plate



Aeroacoustic and aerodynamic characteristics of the turbulent boundary layer encountering a large obstacle are experimentally investigated in this paper. Two-dimensional obstacles with a square and a semi-circular cross-section mounted on a flat plate are studied in wind tunnel tests, with particular interests in the shear layer characteristics, wall pressure fluctuations, and far-field noise induced by the obstacles. Synchronized measurements of the far-field noise and the wall pressure fluctuations were conducted using microphone arrays in the far-field and flush-mounted in the plate, respectively. Additionally, the streamwise and wall-normal velocity fluctuations behind the obstacle were measured using the X-wire probe. The measured velocity profiles, spectra, and wall pressure spectra are compared, showing that the rectangular obstacle has a significant impact on both the turbulent flow and far-field noise. The large-scale vortical structures shed from the obstacles can be identified in the wall pressure spectra, the streamwise velocity spectra, and the wall pressure coherence analysis. Within the shear layer, the pairing of vortices occurs and the frequency of the broadband peak in the velocity spectra decreases as the shear layer grows downstream. Further eddy convective velocities of large-scale vortical structures inside the shear layer were analyzed based on the wall pressure fluctuations.