Aeroacustic and aerodynamic investigating of a new airfoil trailing-edge noise-suppressing design



In this work, a new noise suppressing airfoil trailing-edge design, termed “finned serrations”, is presented and numerically evaluated. This brand-new approach consists of the superposition of two different noise suppressing morphological features inspired by the wings of the owl. Embedded Large Eddy Simulations are employed in tandem with the Ffowcs WilliamsHawkings model to predict and analyze the design aerodynamics and aeroacoustics and compare the obtained output to that of a flat trailing-edge airfoil. Finned serrations are shown to combine the effects of having finlets and serrations. Because of the bluntness of the serration roots, the airfoil is subject to vortex shedding, while the flow is generally decorrelated in the spanwise direction, thanks to the channeling effect of the finlets. The turbulent kinetic energy distribution close to the airfoil trailing-edge surface is also significantly altered, as the more energetic eddies are convected away from the airfoil surface. Lastly, mixing across the airfoil surface is improved, and the average size of the turbulent coherent structures near the airfoil trailing-edge is reduced. The presented results suggest that the coupling of different noise-suppressing mechanisms is a promising path to explore, with the goal of coming up with new, quieter
trailing-edge configurations.