A flow and acoustic facility for characterization of liner and meta-acoustic surfaces under grazing flow condition



The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) has designed and assembled a new facility, a grazing flow tube, for aeroacoustic characteristics measurement of acoustic liners, e.g. transmission loss, impedance, etc., under a high-speed grazing flow. The cross-section of the test section of the tube has a dimension of 50 mm × 50 mm, and the grazing flow speed can be up to 0.3 Ma. A settling chamber, a long-enough flow development section and a multi-stage anechoic termination are adopted to ensure the high-quality flow field and acoustic field. This paper presents the detailed designs of the key components of the facility, as well as the calibrations of the velocity profile in a series of cross-section surfaces of the duct along the streamwise direction and sound pressure distributions in the axial and circumferential directions. Pitot tube, Hotwire and PIV are used to obtain the flow field measurement results. The overall performance of the diagnostic facility is verified by comparing the impedance results of acoustic liners acquired from an impedance tube under the static condition and the theoretical variation of axial wavenumber with Ma number under the grazing flow.